Purpose of review
Despite recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for routine vaccination of adolescents with the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, U.S. coverage among women remains less than 50%, with that of adolescent men below 2%.
Ongoing studies document the efficacy and safety of the HPV vaccine. Nevertheless, misconceptions and negative attitudes persist and serve as barriers to vaccine uptake. Additionally, other factors such as age, insurance status, poverty status, and racial or ethnic background have been associated with diminished vaccine uptake and poor completion rates. Internationally, HPV vaccination programs and school-based programs have achieved increased rates of uptake and series completion. HPV vaccination coverage may also be facilitated by improving communication between physicians, parents, and adolescents as well as by addressing common misconceptions about the vaccine.
This review highlights significant findings of recent literature on HPV vaccination of adolescent women with a special focus on uptake, series completion, communication, disparities in vaccine coverage, and other health outcomes associated with HPV vaccination.